Underground Sites

Man has ventured underground since Neolithic times, be it for refuge and shelter or to extract valuable resources they require.  Britain is no exception and is littered with abandoned places underground.

Aldwych Underground Station, London

Aldwych Station, formally known as Strand, was a branch line and terminus of the Piccadilly line of the London Underground network. Throughout the life of the station, it was a little used station in the centre of London that was only served by a shuttle service from Holborn Station. It is not known why the …

Barons' Cave, Reigate

Barons’ Cave, situated underneath the grounds at which Reigate Castle once stood, is the oldest surviving medieval site in Reigate.  The exact date the caves were excavated is unknown, but the earliest reference dates from 1586 when it is described by Camden as “an extraordinary passage  with a vaulted roof hewn with great labour out …

Bedlams Bank Firestone Quarry, Reigate

Bedlams Bank is a very extensive firestone quarry ranging in age from the Late Medieval to the Stuart era and was worked by hand for much of that time, there are about 10 miles of open passages and several entrances.  Firestone is a building stone and before the advent of the railways it was the …

Catesby Railway Tunnel

The Great Central Railway was the last of the mainline railways to be built by the Victorians, it connected Marylebone Station with Manchester and ran through the centre of the country.  The line was built to a very high standard, avoiding sharp curves and steep gradients, allowing for the trains to have a much smoother …

Charing Cross Jubilee Line and Ventilation Areas

Charing Cross Tube Station has a long and complicated history.  The first part of the station was opened in 1906 when the Bakerloo line was constructed and this part of the station was known as Trafalgar Square.  A year later the Northern Line, then the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway, was opened and this part of the …

Godstone Main Series Fire and Hearth Stone Quarry

Godstone Main Series is a Hearthstone and Firestone Quarry in Surrey. There is evidence that quarrying was taking place in Godstone in the 17th century. The are a number of quarries below Godstone hill, such as Marden, the largest area of the quarry is known as ‘Main Series’. Throughout the quarry evidence can be seen …

Redcliffe Sand Mines, Bristol

More commonly known as the Redcliffe caves, but are more accurately Sand mines where the red sandstone rock was excavated and converted to sand for use by local industry. The two main uses of the sand where for the Glass trade who manufactured cheap dark green bottles and by the pottery trade who made slip …

Tunnel Road Sand Mines, Reigate

Along the Tunnel Road cutting in Reigate there are a number of caves dug into the hill; they are sand mines that date back to circa 1820 and were used up to circa 1900.  The sand had two purposes; for glass manufacture and for scrubbing.  When the mining ceased the caves were used for a …

Walton on the Hill Railway Tunnels

Walton on the Hill Station was situated on the Cheshire Lines Committee’s North Liverpool Extension Line which connected its main Liverpool to Manchester line to the north Liverpool docks at Huskisson by skirting through agricultural land to the east of Liverpool. When the line opened Walton-on-the-Hill was the terminus, but seven months later on the13.7.1880 …

Ystrad Einon Copper Mine

Ystrad Einon Copper Mine is an unusual mine situated in Mid-Wales, as the lode is outside of the main seam.  Development of the mine did not start until the late 19th century, when a 25 metre winze was sunk.  An underground water wheel was installed within the confines of the mine, and this allowed for …

Modified: 14th Aug 2012