The Asylums List

In 1914 there were over one hundred thousand patients within over one hundred mental institutions around the United Kingdom, the majority of these institutions were built since the passing of the 1845 Act. With the passing of the care in the community act in the 1980’s, many of these institutions have since closed; only a few of them remain open and in the use for Mental Health services. This list was first compiled by Dr. Jeremy Taylor for his definitive publication Hospital And Asylum Architecture 1840-1914, and then updated by both Simon Cornwell and Peter Cracknell.

The list comprises of all known Asylums in both England and Wales, the Scottish list is to come. The online mapping tools, Bing Maps, has been used to provide a link to the hospitals locations through the county listing, any photographs of an Asylum can be followed through a hyperlink on the Hospital name.

There is also a Google Earth File detailing the location of the asylum around the UK and Ireland, or it can be viewed at Google maps, here. Alternative, a Tomtom POI file can be downloaded here.

By clicking on the column headers on the table below, the table can be sorted into alphabetical or numerical order.

Hospital Name Managing County Original Name Date opened Date Closed Principal Architect Layout Type Status
All Saints, Winson Green, Birmingham Warwickshire Birmingham Borough Asylum 1850 2000 D R Hill Corridor Converted.Only admin stands with a prison occupying the site.
Banstead, Banstead Middlesex Third Middlesex County Asylum 1877 1986 FH Pownall Dual Pavilion Demolished.Two prisons now occupy the site.
Barnsley Hall, Birmingham Worcestershire Worcester County Asylum 1907 1996 GT Hine Compact Arrow Demolished. Admin & Chapel converted with housing built on the rest of the site
Barrow Hospital, Barrow Gurney Gloucestershire Bristol City Mental Hospital 1939 2008 Sir George Oatley Colony Derelict.Closed with a few buildings demolished, with the rest empty
Bedford Asylum, Bedford Bedfordshire Bedford Asylum 1812 1860 John Wing Corridor Demolished.Closed in 1860 due to inefficiencies of the treatment, now demolished with zero trace of the building
Bethlem Royal Hospital London The Priory of St Mary of Bethlehem; Our Lady of Bethlehem 1247 Still Open Colony Plan Open. The countries Oldest Asylum, currently open as a leading psychiatric hospital.
Bexley, Dartford London The Heath Asylum 1898 1998 GT Hine Compact Arrow Demolished.Only a few buildings remaining, such as the chapel
Broadmoor Hospital, Crowthorne Berkshire Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum 1863 Still Open Sir Joshua Jebb Corridor Open.Operating as a secure Mental Health Hospital with plans to replace with new facility in 2016.
Broadgate, Beverly Yorkshire East Riding Lunatic Asylum 1871 1989 CH Howell Corridor Demolished.Now a housing estate
Brookwood, Woking Surrey Second Surrey County Asylum 1867 1994 CH Howell Corridor Converted. Main building demolished, Annexe, Chapel, Main Hall and Mortuary converted
Calderstones, Clitheroe Lancashire Whalley Asylum (Mental Defectives) 1915 1995 Dual Pavilion Demolished. Mostly demolished with one block being used for mental health services
Cane Hill, Coulsdon Surrey Third Surrey County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1882 1991 CH Howell Radial Pavilions Demolished. Admin, Water Tower & Chapel to be converted in the future
Carlton Hayes, Narborough Leicestershire Leicestershire and Rutland Asylum 1904 1996 S.P. Pick Compact Arrow Demolished. Chapel and residences still standing
Caterham Mental Hospital London Metropolitan Imbecile Asylum 1870 1995 Giles And Biven Dual Pavilion Demolished. One bock surviving and converted to housing
Central Hospital, Hatton Warwickshire Warwick County Lunatic Asylum 1852 1996 J Harris/FJ Francis Corridor Converted. Main building currently stand as flats
Cheadle Royal, Cheadle Cheshire Manchester’s Royal Lunatic Asylum 1763 Still open Richard Lane Corridor Open. Still operates as Mental Health Trust. Current building built C1850 and use unknown.
Cherry Knowle, Ryhope, Sunderland County Durham Sunderland Borough Asylum 1895 1998 GT Hine Compact Arrow Demolished. Main buildings currently undergoing demolition as of 2011.
Claybury, Redbridge London Fifth LCC Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1893 1995 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Majority of buildings converted to luxury housing with main hall and chapel being used as a gym
Clifton, York Yorkshire York And East Ridings Asylum 1849 1994 Scott & Moffatt Corridor Demolished. Main buildings demolished, with annexes and laundry block surviving.
Coney Hill, Gloucester Gloucestershire Gloucestershire County Asylum 1883 1994 Giles & Gough Broad Arrow (incomplete) Demolished. Admin restored after arson attack.
Countess Of Chester, Chester Chesire Cheshire County Lunatic Asylum 1829 2005 William Cole Junior Corridor & Compact Arrow (Extension) Demolished. Only the 1829 building remains.
Digby, Exeter Devon Exeter City Lunatic Asylum 1886 1987 Robert Stark Wilkinson Corridor Converted. Currently stands as housing
Cefn Coed Hospital Glamorgan Cefn Coed 1932 Still open Hallam Carter Pegg Compact Arrow Open. No current plans for closure.
Darenth Park Hospital Kent Darenth Asylum and Schools 1878 1988 A & C Harston Corridor-Pavilion Demolished.Totally demolished with housing and industrial units built.
De La Pole,Willerby, Hull, Humberside Yorkshire Hull Borough Asylum 1883 1997 Smith & Broderick Corridor Demolished. Chapel and side buildings still exist with light industry built on site.
Exminster, Exeter Devon Devon County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1845 1985-94 Charles Fowler Radial Corridor & Corridor (Extension) Converted. Main building Converted, extension demolished
Fairfield,
Stotfold
Bedfordshire Three Counties Asylum 1859 1997 George Fowler Jones Corridor Converted. Full site listed as conservation area and restored.
Fairmile, Cholsey Berkshire Moulsford Asylum 1870 2003 CH Howell Corridor Derelict. The Buildings are currently undergoing redevelopment – hospital within conservation area.
Fountain Mental Hospital, Tooting London Fountain Fever Hospital 1892 1963 Thomas W Aldwinckle Dual Pavilion Demolished. Total site redevelopment
Friern, Barnet Middlesex Middlesex County Pauper Asylum/ 1851 1993 WS Daukes Corridor Converted. Now Princess Park with frontage to original building restored
Fulbourn, Cambridge Cambridgeshire Cambridge District Asylum 1858 1992 George Fowler Jones& Samuel Hill Corridor Converted. Currently used as flats with services moving to adjacent site
Garlands, Carleton, Carlisle Cumbria Cumberland And Westmorland Lunatic Asylum 1862 1999 Thomas Worthington Corridor Converted. Main building demolished, with annex and chapel being converted
Glanrhyd Hospital, Bridgend Glamorgan Glamorgan County Lunatic Asylum 1864 1996 Corridor Open. New secure unit built to the north and original buildings accommodating long term patients
Glenside, Bristol Gloucestershire Bristol City Asylum 1861 1993 TR Lysarght Corridor Converted. Halls of Residence and Campus for Bristol University
Goodmayes,
Chadwell
Essex West Ham Borough Lunatic Asylum 1901 Still open Lewis Angell CompactArrow Open. Still in use with plans to close in the near future
Graylingwell, Chichester
Sussex West Sussex County Asylum 1897 2002 Sir Arthur Blomfield Compact Arrow Converted. Majority of buildings remain
Hellingly,
Hellingly
Sussex East Sussex Asylum 1903 1994 GT Hine Compact Arrow Demolished. Entire site demolished for housing, with chapel, rear ward block and villas still standing.
Hellsdeon Hospital, Norfolk
Norfolk
Norwich Pauper Asylum 1828 Still Open Richard Makilwaine Phipson Corridor-Pavillion Open. Still open as a Hospital. Current building built 1870
Herrison, Dorchester Dorset Second Dorset County Lunatic Asylum 1863 1992 HE Kendall Junior Corridor Converted. Converted to housing with majority of buildings kept
High Royds, Menston Yorkshire West Riding Asylum 1888 2003 J. Vickers-Edwards Broad Arrow Converted. Partly converted with part of the site sitting derelict.
Hill End, St Alban’s Hertfordshire Hertfordshire County Asylum 1899 1995 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Two wards being converted to residential use
Hollymoor, Birmingham Warwickshire City Lunatic Asylum 1905 1996 Martin And Chamberlain Compact Arrow Converted. Admin, Services and water Tower being restored
Horton
Asylum, Epsom
London Seventh London County Council Asylum 1902 1997 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Admin and some wards converted to housing, Water Tower recently demolished (2012)
Horton Road, Gloucester Gloucestershire Gloucestershire First County Asylum 1823 1988 William Stark Early Corridor Converted. Closed with the main building converted after years of laying derelict
Kingsway, Derby Derbyshire Derby Borough Lunatic Asylum 1888 2010 BS Jabobs Corridor Demolished. Currently undergoing demolition, as of spring 2011.
Knowle, Fareham Hampshire Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum 1852 1996 J Harris Corridor Converted. Closed and converted to housing.
Lancaster Moor, Lancaster Lancashire Lancashire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1816 1999 Thomas Standen Corridor Converted. North Building converted, annexe to the south currently undergoing conversion
Leavesden, Abbots Langley Hertfordshire Imbeciles Asylum, Leavesden 1870 1995 Giles And Biven Dual Pavilion Converted. Closed with a the admin, chapel and main hall converted
Leicestershire County Asylum, Leicester Leicestershire Leicestershire County Asylum 1837 1908 Unknown Corridor Converted. Now Leicestershire University.
Littlemore, Oxford Oxfordshire Oxford County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1846 1996 RN Clark Corridor Converted. Converted to flats, with new buildings built next to the site.
Long Grove
Hospital, Epsom
London Long Grove Asylum 1907 1992 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Converted to housing with some wards and admin retained
Manor
Hospital, Epsom
London Sixth London County Asylum 1899 1996 William C Clifford Smith Irregular Corridor Pavilion Converted. Manor House, Super Intendents House and two ward blocks converted to housing
Mapperley, Nottingham Nottinghamshire Nottingham Borough Asylum 1880 1994 GT Hine Corridor Converted. Main buildings converted to housing
Maudsley, Southwark London The Maudsley Neurological Clearing Hospital 1923 Still open William C Clifford Smith Corridor Open. Still in use for Mental Health Services
Mendip, Wells Somerset Somerset And Bath County Asylum 1848 1991 GG Scott and WB Moffat Corridor Converted. Closed and converted to housing with main buildings being retained
Mid Wales Hospital, Talgarth Breconshire Mid Wales Counties Mental Hospital 1903 2000 Giles, Gough and Trollope Compact Arrow Derelict. Currently empty with parts under going demolition
Middlewood, Wadsley Park, Sheffield Yorkshire West Riding of Yorkshire County Asylum 1872 1999 Bernard Hartley Corridor Converted. With Admin block, male annexe and chapel being converted.
Moorhaven, Plymouth Devon Plymouth Borough Asylum 1891 1993 J Hine and Odgers Compact Arrow Converted. Closed and converted to housing
Naburn, Fulford, York Yorkshire York Borough Asylum 1903 1988 A Creer Compact Arrow Demolished. Totally demolished
Napsbury, St Alban’s
Middlesex
Middlesex County Asylum 1905 1998 Rowland Plumbe Compact Arrow & Villas Converted. Many wards, admin and water tower converted to housing
Netherne,
Hooley
Surrey Surrey County Asylum 1909 1994 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Extensive conversion with wards, admin, villas, chapel and water tower converted. Isolation hospital remains derelict.
Normansfield, Kingston
London
Normansfield 1868 1997 John Haydon Langdon-Down Corridor Converted. Grade II listed converted to residential use. Architect unsure, but Langdon-Down did acquire the house for his use
North Wales
Hospital, Denbigh
Denbighshire North Wales Counties Lunatic Asylum 1848 1995 Dr Samuel Hitch and Thomas Fulljames Corridor Derelict. Currently stands in a state of severe dereliction with demolition starting on a number of buildings in 2009
Oakwood, Maidstone Kent Kent County Asylum 1833 1994 John Whichcord Senior Corridor Converted. Converted to housing with Admin, main wings and annexe retained
Parc Hospital, Bridgend Glamorgan Parc Gwyllt Asylum 1887 1996 Compact Arrow Demolished. A prison now occupying the site, water tower remains
Park Prewett, Sherbourne St John Hampshire Second Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum 1921 1996 GT Hine Compact Arrow Converted. Hall, Wards, Tower and Admin block converted to flats. .
Parkside, Macclesfield Cheshire Cheshire County Asylum 1871 1997 Griffiths of Stafford Pavilion Plan & Colony, Compact Arrow (Extension) Converted. Many buildings retained
Pastures, Derby Derbyshire Derbyshire County Asylum 1851 1994 Henry Duesbury Corridor Converted. New use as houses with selected areas being demolished
Pen-Y-Fal Hospital Abergavenny Monmouthshire Joint Counties Lunatic Asylum 1851 1996 Thomas Fulljames Corridor Converted. Main building converted to housing
Powick, Powick, Hereford & Worcester Worcestershire Powick Lunatic Asylum 1852 1989 John R. Hamilton and James Medland Corridor Converted. Main buildings converted, with housing built on the rest of the site.
Prestwich, Manchester Lancashire Lancashire County Asylum 1862 1997 Isaac Holden Corridor (Main Building) Radial Corridor (annexe) Converted. The Laundry block & accommodation still exists, a quarter of the annexe still in use for mental health services.
Rainhill,
Prescot
Lancashire Third Lancaster County Asylum 1851 1992 HL Elmes Corridor Demolished. After many planning delays the entire site was demolished
Rauceby, Sleaford Lincolnshire Kesteven County Asylum 1902 1997 GT Hine Compact Arrow Derelict. Currently undergoing conversion to housing with wards, admin and chapel being kept. Conversion stalled
Roundway, Devizes Wiltshire Wiltshire County Asylum 1849 1995 TH Wyatt Corridor Converted. Converted to housing
Royal Albert, Lancaster Lancashire Royal Albert Asylum 1873 Still open EG Paley Corridor Converted. Closed and now used as a school
Royal Earlswood, Redhill Surrey Earlswood Asylum For Idiots 1855 1997 WB Moffatt Corridor Converted. Closed with main building having been converted to housing
Royal Holloway, Virginia Water Surrey Royal Holloway Sanatorium 1885 1982 WH Crossland Corridor Converted. Closed and stood derelict for 12 years and suffered severely vandalised, extensively restored and converted
Royal Shrewsbury Hospital (Shelton), Shrewsbury Shropshire Shropshire and Wenlock Borough Lunatic Asylum 1845 Closed GG Scott and WB Moffatt Corridor Closed. Services moved to purpose built block to the north of the site.  Plans to convert original building.
Rubery Hill, Birmingham Warickshire Birmingham Borough Asylum 1882 1993 Martin AndChamberlain Pavilion Demolished. Demolished with Chapel being kept
Runwell, Chelmsford Essex Runwell Mental Hospital 1936 2010 Elcock &Sutcliffe Colony Demolished. Only 1930’s boiler house and admin remain.
Saxondale, Nottingham Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire County Asylum 1902 1987 EP Hooley Compact Arrow Converted. Converted to houses with selected areas being demolished
Scalebor Park, Burley In Wharfedale Yorkshire Scalebor Park 1902 1995 J.Vickers-Edwards Compact Arrow Converted. Currently luxury flats.
Severalls,
Colchester
Essex Second Essex County Asylum 1913 1997 F. Whitmore and W. H. Town Compact Arrow & Villas Derelict. Currently standing derelict; some out buildings demolished for construction of bypass
Shenley, Shenley
Middlesex
Middlesex County Mental Hospital 1934 1998 WT Curtis Colony Demolished. Water Tower and Chapel retained.
Springfield, Wandsworth Surrey Surrey County Asylum 1842 Still open W. M. Mosely Corridor Open. Currently in use as Mental Health Trust – plans to close in the near future
St Andrew’s, Northampton Northamptonshire Pauper and Private Asylum for Northampton 1838 Still open Wallett Corridor Open. Still open as Mental Health Trust
St Andrew’s, Norwich Norfolk Norfolk County Lunatic Asylum 1814 1998 Francis Stone Corridor Converted. Converted to housing with main building retained, annexe to the north recently demolished
St Audry’s Hospital, Woodbridge Suffolk Suffolk County Asylum for Pauper Lunatics 1829 1993 Scott and Moffats Corridor & Borad Arrow (Extension) Converted. Mostly demolished with small parts converted
St Cadoc’s Hospital, Newport Monmouthshire Newport Borough Mental Hospital 1906 Still open Alfred J. Wood Compact Arrow Open. Currently open with closure close to the horizon
St Clement’s Hospital, Ipswich Suffolk Ipswich Borough Mental Hospital 1870 Still open William P. Ribbans Corridor Open. Used only for offices; no patients on site.  Conversion soon.
St Crispin,
Duston
Northamptonshire Northampton County Lunatic Asylum 1876 1995 Robert Grffiths Corridor Derelict. Currently undergoing conversion to housing (stalled), wards, hall and admin being restored
St David’s Hospital, Carmarthen Carmarthenshire The United Lunatic Asylum for Cardigan, Carmarthen, Glamorgan and Pembroke 1862 2002 David Brandon Corridor Status unknown, brought by council to prevent being turned into a Asylums Seekers Centre
St Edwards, Cheddleton, Staffordshire Staffordshire Third Staffordshire County Asylum 1898 2001 Giles, Gough & Trollope Compact Arrow Converted. Converted to housing with wards, admin and water tower being restored
St Francis,
Haywards Heath
Sussex County Of Sussex Asylum 1859 1995 HE Kendall Junior Corridor Converted. Extensive conversion of site with the majority of buildings now in residential use
St George’s, Morpeth Northumberland County Pauper Lunatic Asylum for Northumberland 1859 1999 Henry Welch Corridor Derelict. Currently Derelict awaiting demolition
St James’s, Portsmouth Hampshire Portsmouth Borough Asylum 1879 Still open George Rake Corridor-Pavilion Open. Still operates as Mental Health Trust
St John’s, Bracebridge Heath Lincolnshire Linclonshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1852 1989 Hamilton and Thomas Percy Corridor Derelict. Currently awaiting conversion – work has started and since halted
St John’s, Stone Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire County Lunatic Asylum 1853 1991 TH Wyatt and David Brandon Corridor Demolished. Completely demolished bar the chapel
St Luke’s, London
London
St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics 1751 Still Open Corridor / Colony Plan Open. Still operating as a psychiatric hospital. Current building built 1930
St Mary’s, Burghill, Herefordshire Hereford Lunatic Asylum 1871 1994 Richard Griffiths Corridor Converted. Some buildings converted to housing
St Mary’s, North Saltwick County
Durham
Gateshead Borough Lunatic Asylum 1914 1995 GT Hine & Carter Pegg Compact Arrow Converted.
St Matthew’s, Burntwood Staffordshire Staffordshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1865 1995 William Moffatt Corridor Demolished. Only Chapel remaining
St Martin’s, Canterbury
Kent
Canterbury Boirough Asylum 1902 Still Open B. S. Jacobs Compact Arrow Open. Still open and functioning as a hospital.
St Nicholas’s, Coxlodge, Newcastle Northumberland Newcastle County Lunatic Asylum 1869 Still open WL Moffat (1864), JW Dyson (1892) Corridor & Compact Arrow (Extension) Open. Currently in use with some wards being converted to flats.
St Augustine’s, Canterbury Kent Second Kent County Asylum 1875 1992 Giles And Gough Corridor Pavilion Converted. Admin, Chapel and water tower retained for housing
St Bernard’s, Ealing Middlesex Middlesex County Asylum/Hanwell Asylum 1831 Still open William Alderson Panopticon Corridor Plan Open. Buildings still in use for mental health facilities
St Ebba’s
Hospital, Epsom
London Ewell Epileptic Colony 1903 2009 William C Clifford Smith Colony Demolished. Two Villas currently in use for mental health services, rest of site under redevelopment
St Georges, Stafford, Staffordshire Staffordshire Stafford County Lunatic Asylum 1818 1995 Josepth Potter Corridor Derelict. Buildings currently undergoing demolition.
St Lawrence’s, Bodmin Cornwall Cornwall County Lunatic Asylum 1815 2002 John Foulston Radial & Compact Arrow (Extension) Converted. Early Radial Block converted, compact arrow extension demolished (2014)
St Lukes, Middlesbrough, Cleveland Yorkshire Middlesbrough County Asylum 1898 2009 CH Howell, AJ Wood Compact Arrow Demolished. Closed and awaiting redevelopment/demolition
Stanley
Royd, Wakefield
Yorkshire West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1818 1995 Watson & Pritchett of York Panoptican Corridor Plan Converted. Main building closed and converted with acute hospital to the north still open
Stone House Hospital, Dartford London City Of London Lunatic Asylum 1897 2007 James B Bunning Corridor Converted. Grade II listed
Storthes Hall, Kirkburton Yorkshire Fourth West Riding Pauper Lunatic Aslum 1904 1991 J. Vickers-Edwards Compact Arrow Derelict. All buildings demolished except for Admin – site of the annexe now occupied by student village
The Coppice, Nottingham Nottinghamshire The Coppice (private hospital) 1859 1986 TC Hine Corridor Converted. Converted to luxury flats
The Lawn, Lincoln Lincolnshire City’s Pauper Asylum 1820 1985 Richard Ingleman Ad hoc Corridor Converted. Converted to business centre
The Retreat, York
Yorkshire
The Retreat 1792 Still Open William Tuke Corridor Open. Still operating as a charitable psychiatric hospital
The Towers, Humberstone Leicestershire Leicester Borough Lunatic Asylum 1869 2005 Edward Stephens Corridor & Compact Arrow (Extension) Converted. Currently undergoing conversion with compact arrow extension being re-used by the NHS
Tone Vale, Tauton Somerset Somerset County Asylum 1897 1995 Giles, Gough and Trollope Compact Arrow Converted. Converted to housing with majority of buildings being kept
Tooting Bec Mental Hospital, Tooting London Tooting Bec Asylum 1903 1995 A & C Harston Dual Pavillion Demolished
Warley,
Brentwood
Essex Essex County Lunatic Asylum 1853 2002 HE Kendall Corridor Converted. Half the asylum demolished, the original half converted to housing
Warlingham, Warlingham Surrey Warlingham Park 1903 1999 Crisp, Oatley And Skinner Compact Arrow Demolioshed. Totally demolished except for water tower
Warneford, Headington, Oxfordshire Oxfordshire Oxford Lunatic Asylum 1826 Still open Richard Ingleman Corridor Open. Still open with no plans for closure
West Park,
Epsom

London
West Park Mental Hospital 1923 2008/9 William C Clifford Smith Compact Arrow & Villas Converted .Main Hospital now fully converted; central services demolished.
Whitchurch Hospital, Whitchurch Glamorgan Cardiff City Mental Hospital 1908 Still open Oatley and Skinner Compact Arrow Open. Currently open
Whitecroft, Newport, Isle Of Wight Hampshire Isle of Wight County Asylum 1896 1992 BS Jabobs Early Compact Arrow Converted. Redevelopment work underway
Whittingham, Preston Lancashire Lancashire County Asylum 1873 1995 Henry Littler RadialPavilion Plan, Corridor & Compact Arrow Demolished. Demolition started as of 2014.
Winterton, Sedgefield, Durham County
Durham
Asylum for Lunatic Paupers of Durham 1859 1996 John Lowison Corridor Demolished .Main buildings demolished with admission unit still operating mental health services; chapel converted.
Winwick, Warrington Lancashire Lancashire County Asylum 1902 1997 Crisp, Oatley and Skinner Compact Arrow Demolished. Completely demolished bar the chapel
Wonford House, Exeter Devon Bowhill House, St Thomas’ Hospital 1801 Still open WF Cross Corridor Open. Still in use with no plans to close

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